Amanda Vaill on Ernest Hemingway

Hotel FloridaReading a book by Amanda Vaill practically guarantees that you'll learn a lot -- about places, about history and especially about people you already thought you knew. Her Everybody Was So Young introduced us to Sara and Gerald Murphy, patrons of such then-bold-faced names as F. Scott Fitzgerald and Dorothy Parker.

Now, in her new book, Hotel Florida, she explores the lives of six people whose paths crossed on the eve of the Spanish Civil War. Doesn't sound exciting? How about if one of those people was that other bold-faced name of the era, Ernest Hemingway?

Here, Vaill tells us what she learned about that other famous writer of the era, Ernest Hemingway.

Five Things I Learned About Hemingway While Writing Hotel Florida

Vaillby Amanda Vaill

1) He was a classical music maven.

Although I knew his mother had been an aspiring opera singer and had taught piano and voice in the Hemingways' Oak Park, Illinois home, I didn't realize that classical music was Hemingway's go-to soundtrack for relaxation and distraction. But when shells were whistling over the Hotel Florida in Madrid, where he and Martha Gellhorn were staying during the Spanish Civil War, what did Hemingway put on the Victrola to drown out the bombardment? Chopin's Opus 33 mazurka, number 4, and the ballade in A-flat minor, opus 47.

2) He was an agent of the KGB.

In public Hemingway had always strenuously resisted the idea of writing anything from "a Marxian viewpoint" – something he derided as "so much horseshit." But in 1937, when he was in Spain covering the Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance and writing the script for Joris Ivens's documentary film, The Spanish Earth, Ivens had tried to enlist him as a propagandist, and possibly more, for the Communist Party, which had been supporting the Spanish government against Franco's rebels. And according to internal KGB files studied by a former Soviet agent, Alexander Vassiliev, Hemingway was recruited by the KGB in 1941 and given the code-name "Argo." It was hoped he could report on Nazi activity in Cuba and the Caribbean during World War II, but he never generated any useful intelligence and his cover was terminated in 1950.


3) He couldn't cook paella.

In April of 1937, at a Rioja-fueled lunch party at the Madrid restaurant Botin, a spot Hemingway loved (and had celebrated in The Sun Also Rises), the writer insisted on leaving the table – where the company included the photographer Robert Capa and Capa's beautiful girlfriend and professional partner Gerda Taro –- and going into the kitchen to help prepare paella. "Less skillful in the kitchen than at the typewriter," was the tactful verdict of the restaurant's owner, Emilio Gonzales.

4) His affair with Martha Gellhorn was less than a great romance.

He might have run off with Gellhorn to Spain, beginning an affair that culminated in marriage three years later, after he divorced his second wife, Pauline; but apparently the Gellhorn-Hemingway romance could have used some couples therapy. Gellhorn later claimed her "whole memory of sex with Ernest [was] the invention of excuses and failing that, the hope that it would soon be over." Which it was, by 1944, when Gellhorn scooped her husband by getting a ride on a hospital ship to the D-Day beaches while he gazed at the coast through binoculars from the deck of an attack transport.

5) He originally began the manuscript of his most successful novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls, which draws on his experience in the Spanish Civil War, in the first person.

He changed his mind, choosing the detachment of a narrative in which the protagonist is "he," not "I." It was the best and most truthful decision he could have made. To understand why, of course, you have to read the book. Or books. His, and mine.

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Comments (2)


Amanda vaill I just finished "hotel florida" and found it very interesting and enjoyable. at the same time, I thought you might want brought to your attention-on pg. 62, you talk about "their catholic majesties" reconquering the city of Toledo in the 15th century. Toledo was reconquered by alfonso vi of leon y castilla in 1085, over 300 years before Isabel la catolica or Fernando were born. hope this clarifies.

thanks again for your very enjoyable book.

steve ettenheim cell 305-343-8417

Posted by: steve ettenheim | Monday May 12, 2014 at 9:12 AM

I never cared much for Hemmingway's writing. He bludgeoned the English language, brought it down several notches from the agile, graceful instrument it had been in earlier times and pointed it in the direction of the crude literary reality of later generations trying to imitate him. He was a poor second to Faulkner, who, God knows, had his own flaws. Events carried Hemmingway--great wars, exotic places,a flamboyant life style, the European mystique still viable at the time but now exposed for its essential cultural emptiness. I must admit, however, that Hemmingway came close to greatness in THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA (based on an episode of an actual fisherman known to many Cubans). But he was not up to it. His suicide was, in my opinion, his tacit and personal admission of failure as a writer and as a man.

Posted by: harold raley | Monday May 12, 2014 at 10:03 AM

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