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About Chris Schluep

Chris Schluep spent more than a dozen years editing books in New York before moving west. He takes great pride in reading a wide range of books and connecting interested readers with the books they'll love. Chris lives in Seattle with his wife and son, and he feels like he may have one of the best jobs in the world.

Posts by Chris

The Best Books of October, Part Two: A Smorgasbord of Books

Last week I wrote about the Editors' first five picks in October’s Best Books of the Month and promised to write about the rest of the picks this week. We run the gamut here--from debt, the military, and a novel about a cuckolded lawyer to vampires, elephants, and a best-selling collection of essays by a young and talented famous person.

Here they are:

InvisiblefrontPick #6: "If I were to tell you that this fascinating book chronicles the life of a war hero," writes Sara Nelson in her review of The Invisible Front, "you’d likely expect to be reading about a Patton-like figure barking out orders or a 'Mark Owen' telling of the capture of Osama Bin Laden." But this book is not about that kind of war hero. "Mark Graham was a lifelong soldier who saw more than his share of fighting," Nelson explains. But Mark Graham suffered in ways that are painful even to imagine. Both of his sons followed him into the military. One died in war; one killed himself before deploying. Instead of abandoning the military, Graham, along with his wife, "vowed to devote the rest of his career to 'fixing' it." Their story of confronting suicide and PTSD in the military will move and ultimately uplift you. As Nelson puts it, "if that doesn’t make them heroes, it’s hard to say what would." 

BadpaperPick #7: Sometimes these books really sneak up on us. It's safe to say that, when we started reading October galleys for Best of the Month consideration, we weren't thinking "I really wish I could read a book about the world of debt." But Bad Paper won us over. As Amazon Senior Editor Jon Foro writes about the book, "Everyone knows about collections agencies, but how they actually operate is much more interesting than you probably think." He describes the books as "falling somewhere between Glengarry Glen Ross and Mean Streets." It's populated with hard men who often pay "pennies on the dollar" for your debt information. Foro sums it up this way: "This book is unexpected, and unexpectedly fun." Let it be said that debt can be a lot more interesting than you thought, particularly when you're reading about someone else's.

 

RemedyPick #8: Following up on his 2012 Best of the Month Spotlight pick (that book was Life Among Giants), Bill Roorbach returns with the wonderfully-titled The Remedy For Love. Senior Editor Neal Thompson says of the author, "he again creates believably damaged, oddball characters: a buttoned-up, cuckolded small-town stud (Eric), and a bruised, half-starved mystery girl (Danielle)." It seems a bit of a mystery why Eric (an attorney who does pro bono work) and Danielle (who looks homeless but expresses a “retractable beauty, like a cat’s claws”) would come together, especially when they get holed up in her cabin. But Thompson summarizes it this way: "You think you know where things are headed, but how Roorbach gets us there is unexpected, sexy, and intense.... The story stuck with me for many days."

 

LestatPick #9: Just as Edison invented the lightbulb (sort of), Anne Rice invented the vampire. Ok, that's not exactly true--she more reinvented vampires. But still, when her Prince Lestat first took the stage, it got people's blood boiling. In this new novel, Seira Wilson writes, "The newly resurrected, but no less rebellious, Lestat addresses a mysterious twenty-first century vampire genocide with the same panache, self-absorption, and drama readers have come to know and love. Rice masterfully populates the present-day storyline with a cast of characters from her previous novels along with new blood, so to speak, and reading this book is like seeing old friends whom you’d sort of forgotten about, but are thrilled to meet again—even if you are reading about them for the first time." 

 

LeavingtimePick #10: Will Jodi Picoult's Leaving Time land at #1 on the New York Times bestseller list? That's a question to be answered shortly, but it certainly seems to be everywhere. Picoult has written more than twenty novels, and she doesn't appear to be slowing down. This new novel is about a teenage girl named Jenna who is searching for her mother. The mother, who disappeared ten years ago, studied elephants--and their behavior artfully plays into the storyline. But Jenna cannot find her mother on her own. She enlists the help of a formerly famous—now infamous—psychic, as well as a down-and-out private detective whose career went south during the botched investigation of her mother's disappearance. Together, they form a sort of new family to help her in her quest.

 

NotthatkindofgirlDebut Spotlight: Lena Dunham anyone? Have you heard of her? Have you seen her in a magazine or on television. If any of you answered "no," then you probably don't own any magazines or televisions. Not That Kind of Girl is a book of essays inspired by Helen Gurley Brown's Having It All, except that it's directed at a new generation. Amazon's Brittany Pirozollo writes of the book, "In an era where twenty-something women are told how to think, where to work, who to date, and what to wear, it’s refreshing that a voice has broken the mold to empower women to do one thing—be yourself, flaws and all."

 

You can find all of our Best of the Month picks here.

 

An Amazon Exclusive: Neil Patrick Harris Reveals Everything

HarrisIt's not often that you get a behind-the-scenes peek at a book's creation. Read on to see what it took to write Choose Your Own Autobiography by Neil Patrick Harris (and some other guy).

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Like many memoirists before him, Neil worked with a collaborator whose job was to take his words and edit them for clarity, eloquence, and in some cases a little extra “oomph.” To illustrate this process, Neil’s collaborator, David Javerbaum, has been gracious enough to provide Amazon with before-and-after examples of both the original sentences written by Neil and the final versions David revised.

 

ORIGINAL: I was born on June 15, 1973.

FINAL: I emerged heroic and triumphant from my mother’s seedhole into a nation consumed by the tragedy of Watergate.

 

ORIGINAL: I had a comfortable childhood.

FINAL: I grew up deprived of deprivation, lacking even a single deficiency to call my own.

 

ORIGINAL: “How would you like to play Doogie Howser?” he said.

FINAL: “How would you like to play Doogie Howser?” he said, removing his pants.

 

ORIGINAL: I do not remember many details of those two days.

FINAL: That weekend in bed with Meryl Streep and Jamie Farr was everything a 17-year-old boy could dream of.

 

ORIGINAL: I have nothing but kind things to say about my four co-stars on How I Met Your Mother.

FINAL: And now a few words about the meth head, the skinhead, the arsonist, and the plushie.

 

ORIGINAL: “How would you like to play Hedwig?” they said.

FINAL: “How would you like to play Hedwig?” they said, removing their pants.

 

ORIGINAL: There’s nothing more satisfying than hosting the Tonys and the Emmys.

FINAL: There would be nothing more satisfying than hosting the Oscars.

 

ORIGINAL: “Mr. Sondheim,” I said, “playing a role in one of your musicals is a dream come true.”

FINAL: “Yo yo, Stevie S.!

I’m filled with happiness!

’Cause when I’m in ya show

I feel like I’m ya ho!”

 

ORIGINAL: The decades-long struggle to identify and “label” my sexuality was for me just another aspect (albeit a very important one) of a more generalized quest to fuse all the wayward parts of my mind, soul, and spirit into one coherent, fully integrated self.

FINAL: Yep, I’m gay.

 

ORIGINAL: My children Gideon and Harper are my two greatest achievements.

FINAL: My professional career has been so accomplished, even my own children fall well down the list of my greatest achievements.

 

ORIGINAL: My home phone number is (310) 555-8712.

FINAL: My home phone number is nnnnnnnnn [REDACTED].

 

ORIGINAL: “I absolutely refuse to remove my pants,” he said.

FINAL: “I absolutely refuse to remove my pants,” he said, removing his pants.

 

ORIGINAL: Above all, this book is dedicated to David Burtka, my partner and soulmate.

FINAL: Above all, this book is dedicated to David Javerbaum, my collaborator and one of the great literary geniuses of the 21st century.

 

The New Trailer for the "Unbroken" Movie

For those who haven't read Unbroken (I realize a lot of us have read it), there's still time to read the book before seeing the movie. I've had a lot of conversations through the years about whether one should read a book before seeing a movie, and the answer varies depending on the book and the reader--but this is one title I'd recommend reading first. I know I just wrote that it depends "on the book and the reader," but in this case I think Louis Zamperini's story has enough universal appeal that the advice read the book first applies in nearly all cases. It really captures the imagination, and your imagination should be as unsullied by visuals as possible when you dig into this unbelievable true account. That said, here's the trailer. It's very good. -- CS

"Apocalypse Now" Meets "Lord of the Rings" - An Interview with Fantasy Author Chris Evans

EvansFantasy author Chris Evans new novel Of Bone and Thunder goes on sale today. It's a book that, like many fantasies, revolves around war—but unlike most fantasies it focuses mainly on the grunts doing the fighting as opposed to the politicians moving the chess pieces. As you read the book, you quicky realize that there's a real-life model for his fantasy world (think Vietnam, but with dragons, magicians, and dwarves), and that makes it all-the-more compelling. Kirkus recently called it "memorable and deeply satisfying—a fitting tribute to those who serve." I caught up with Evans to ask him a few questions about his new book:

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Chris Schluep: How do you describe your novel?

Chris Evans: Of Bone And Thunder takes the chaos of "Apocalypse Now" and transports into an epic fantasy world like that of Lord of The Rings.

CS: When did you get the idea for this story?

CE: I've been fascinated by military history since I was a child and developed my love of fantasy around the same time. As I read more of both, the idea of combining the two grew stronger. After using the Napoleonic Wars and British Imperialism in my first fantasy series, I was ready to tackle the Vietnam War. It meant plunging traditional fantasy into a dark and unsettling world, but one that still had hope.

CS: Was it the place or the characters who first came to mind?

CE: The jungle came first, but only because I knew it before I knew the veterans that would ultimately inspire my characters. Still, the jungle is very much a character in its own right.

CS: What kind of research did you do?

CE: My work with veterans as a military history editor provided me with untold sources of inspiration and anecdotes. Coupled with voracious reading and a constant soundtrack of Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane et. al. in the background, I was transported to a jungle that I hope readers will find every bit as majestic and mysterious as the real thing.

CS: How did you surprise yourself in writing the book?

CE: This novel took me deeper into the creative process than any writing I'd done before. I came to realize that there are no absolute heroes or villains. The same person can be craven and courageous on the same day. War amplifies that and I think I conveyed that in ways I haven't before.

CS: Have you heard from veterans? What response would you hope for?

CE: I have, and it's been incredibly positive. I set out to write a fantasy that captured the essences of the Vietnam War. As such, the characters and their experiences are an amalgamation of the combat tours and of the veterans I know and many more I don't. My hope from the very start was that they would view the book as an homage to what they experienced, and I am gratified that that has been the case.

The Best Books of October, Part One: Some Serious Reading

Maybe it's a fall publishing thing, but there is some pretty heady writing in the top 5 of our October Best Books of the Month. We (the Amazon Editors) try to pick our Best of the Month books with all readers in mind—so go here if you're looking for something that might be a little less daunting. But this month it just-so-happens that we have, in order, a National Book Award finalist, a two-time Man-Booker Award-winner, a three-time finalist for the Man-Booker Award, a Rhodes Scholar, and a winner of the Dayton Literary Peace Prize. That probably sounds heavy, like a meal of roast potatoes and super smart pot roast, but let's face it: pot roast is delicious.

Here are the top 5 Best Books of October:

MortalSpotlight: To build on our opening theme of seriousness, let's start with dying. We may as well face that we're all going to do it, so why not do it right? That's the essence of Atul Gawande's Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End. In describing Gawande's book, our Editorial Director, Sara Nelson, puts it this way: doctors have been trained to attack problems—to win—but that victory doesn't look the same to everyone. "Death is the enemy," she quotes from the book. "But the enemy has superior forces." And it can be fruitless to fight a war of annihilation against a superior enemy. "In his compassionate, learned way," Nelson writes, "Gawande shows all of us—doctors included—how mortality must be faced, with both heart and mind.

MantelPick #2: Hilary Mantel is so good she's won the Man-Booker Prize not once but twice. For anyone who's read Wolf Hall or Bring Up the Bodies, you know she's a great writer. But the short stories in The Assassination of Margaret Thatcher show another side of her writing, one that brings vividness to a life more like her own (we assume). In the words of editor Erin Kodicek, "there are only ten stories... a few of them quite spare, but all so chock-full of vivid detail and devilish wit that it leaves the reader wanting more." Kodicek writes, "They don’t hand out Man Bookers like candy, and these stories further explain why Mantel has two on her mantel (so far)."

ToibinPick #3: Sara Nelson describes Colm Toibin's seventh novel as "atmospheric and emotional." It is a story about a forty-year-old widow, set in rural Ireland during the 1960s and 70s, a woman who is "on the verge of slipping back into the isolated life from which her husband had rescued her." Nelson warns that Nora Webster is not entirely likable, accurately pointing out that "a self-centered person mired in depression rarely is." But, she says, Nora slowly wins you over. "Even more important, she eventually finds a way to save herself. This is not a novel that makes a lot of noise—and yet it’s musical. It has a kind of deliberate, note-by-note crescendo—but very few crashing cymbals—as Nora rediscovers her love of singing, learns how art can help her navigate through grief, and how music can help even the most quiet among us to regain our voice."

InnovatorsPick #4: Before Walter Isaacson wrote that fabulous blockbuster about Steve Jobs, he was working on another book. The book is called The Innovators and it is our #4 pick for the Best Books of October. Amazon Senior Editor Jon Foro writes, "Many books have been written about Silicon Valley and the collection of geniuses, eccentrics, and mavericks who launched the 'Digital Revolution'.... but Walter Isaacson goes them one better." He describes The Innovators as "probably the widest-ranging and most comprehensive narrative of them all," building as Isaacson does from the 19th-Century and showing how today's greats, and the greats before them, stood on the shoulders of giants.

JamesPick #5: Marlon James' lyrical and sweeping novel A Brief History of Seven Killings is not an easy book—it is violent, it is big, and it demands that you work sometimes—but it's one that drew me in completely, and I read through the second half of the novel very quickly. The story is written as an oral history, with multiple voices. I was immediately struck by the author's prodigious talent for inhabiting these voices; from men to women, from the patois of a Jamaican rudeboy to the voice of a CIA operative, reading these people is a special experience. The story revolves loosely around the attempt in the 70s to assassinate Bob Marley, but it spans out from there, from Jamaica to Miami and New York in the 90s. In summing up my Best of the Month review of the book, I wrote: "like all great novels, James’ work drew me in, entertained me, and changed me in ways I could not have anticipated."

I'll cover the rest of the top 10 next week. You can find all of our Best of the Month picks here.

 

"Some Monsters I Have Loved" by Keith Donohue

MonstersNew York Times best-selling author Keith Donohue's The Boy Who Drew Monsters went on sale yesterday. It's a hypnotic literary horror novel about a young boy trapped inside his own world, a boy who nearly drowned a few years ago and since then refuses to go outside. Instead, he stays in his room and draws monsters--but those drawings begin to blur the lines between fantasy and reality. To celebrate monsters, and Keith Donohue's new book about monsters, we're posting the author's list of favorite monsters.

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Monsters prowl the shelves of bookstores and hide between the covers, ready to spring out and catch the unwary reader. From the great monsters of myth and fable—the gorgons and harpies, the dragons and ogres—to the nightmare visions of today’s masters of horror, the supernatural takes form in hundreds of great stories designed to pluck at our deepest fears. Here’s a list of 12—no, make that 13—literary monsters I have loved.

1 and 2. Grendel and his mother from “Beowulf.” Grendel is bad enough, a giant shadow walker who likes to visit the mead hall and snack on drunken revelers. He is defeated by Beowulf, who rips off the monster’s arm, and leaves him to die. This upsets Grendel’s mother, who is somewhat worse than the son. John Gardner’s novel Grendel tells the story from the monster’s point of view, and Seamus Heaney’s bristling adaptation breathes new life into this ancient story.

3. Caliban, from Shakespeare’s “The Tempest.” Many of the other characters in the play refer to him as a monster, and he is often depicted as deformed in productions, but is he a true monster? Or a reflection of our inhumanity?

4. Frankenstein’s monster. It’s hard not to imagine Boris Karloff’s flat-headed monster with bolts through his neck, but the real monster, the creation of Mary Shelley in her novel, Frankenstein, is something much worse. Stitched together from cadavers, it’s been alive for nearly 200 years.

5. Dracula. Again, the movie is not the book. The vampire as portrayed by Bela Lugosi and scores of others loses some of the oomph from Bram Stoker’s weird novel. A study in point of view, the novel uses letter, diaries, and other eyewitness accounts of the descent into madness. Dracula may not even be the scariest monster in the book: think of poor Renfield and his most unusual diet.

6. The Pooka MacPhellimy from Flann O’Brien’s At Swim-Two-Birds. Drawn from Irish folklore, the Pooka is one of the great comic literary monsters. Witty and urbane, he spends a great deal of the novel discussing philosophy with an invisible and quarrelsome Good Fairy who travels along with him in the Pooka's pocket. He believes his wife may be a kangaroo.

7. The Devil’s entourage in Mikhail Bulgakov’s The Master and Margarita. The devil, Woland, comes to Moscow in the 1930s, to wreak havoc on the Soviets. Among his entourage are a wisecracking giant cat named Behemoth, a redheaded succubus named Hella, and several henchmen, including Azazello, a broad-shouldered man in a bowler hat who has one fang sticking out of his mouth. They are far more fun than the Communists.

8. The monster from Stephen King’s novel It. Usually shows up as a clown, which preys on children. A clown!

9. The Tooth Fairy. The late Graham Joyce was a master of the story that deals with the psychology of fear and anxiety. “I am less interested in ghosts than in people who see ghosts,” he once wrote. In his wonderful coming-of-age novel, the Tooth Fairy shows up one night, oddly dressed and smelling of horse's sweat and chamomile, to visit the seven-year-old hero. And she stays through adolescence.

10. The Other Mother in Coraline. For me, the best of Neil Gaiman’s monsters is the Other Mother, who lives in a dimension apart from Coraline and her family, with a box of buttons.

11. The wraith in Sjon’s From the Tale of the Whale. There is a ghoul afoot in Iceland, the wraith of a man drowned in the sea, who must be hunted down by the hero of this lyrical gem of a book. The best way to catch a ghost might be: “to tell the ghoul the history of the world, of spirits and men, both evil and benevolent. In that way it will eventually see where it fits into God’s great mechanism and realise that it is in quite the wrong place. For how is a dead man to tell the difference between himself and the living if he is still able to walk around, participate in fights and run errands?”

12. The goblins in Maurice Sendak’s Outside Over There. A picture book about a girl named Ida, who must rescue her baby sister after the child has been stolen by goblins and replaced with a changeling made of ice. This is for children.

13. The ghost in Toni Morrison’s Beloved. “124 was spiteful. Full of a baby's venom.” A ghost, who reminds us that such monsters are often born out of our torment and longing.

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Donohue’s fourth novel, The Boy Who Drew Monsters (Picador), was published on October 7th.

Of All the Gin Joints: Amazon Editors' Favorite Movies, Watering Holes, and More

GinjointsLast week saw the publication of the book Of All the Gin Joints: Stumbling through Hollywood History. Written by Mark Bailey and illustrated by Edward Hemingway, it's a book of witty quotes, fascinating histories of Hollywood actors, and of course drink recipes. Chelsea Handler describes the book as "like being at the best dinner party in the world," and the editors at Amazon had a lot of fun with it. In return, the author and illustrator had some fun with us. Here are four illustrations of our Seattle-based editors, drawn by Edward Hemingway, who also illustrated Of All the Gin Joints. We've included some fun facts to go with the illustrations.

 

Amazonseira!-1

Seira

  • Favorite classic movie: The Wizard of Oz
  • Favorite dead actor or actress that you would like to drink with: Marilyn Monroe
  • Favorite watering hole: Russell's, Seattle
  • Preferred hangover helper: Cheeseburger and a Coke.
  • Hollywood drinking quote: “The problem with people who have no vices is that generally you can be pretty sure they’re going to have some pretty annoying virtues.” –Elizabeth Taylor

 

 

Amazonjon(1)

Jon

  • Favorite classic movie: The Night of the Hunter
  • Favorite dead actor or actress that you would like to drink with: Boris Karloff (we share the same birthday)
  • Favorite watering hole: Frankies 457, Brooklyn
  • Preferred hangover helper: Phở (Vietnamese noodle soup)
  • Hollywood drinking quote: “The whole world is about three drinks behind.” –Humphrey Bogart

 

 

 

Amazonneal

Neal

  • Favorite classic movie: The Long Goodbye
  • Favorite dead actor or actress that you would like to drink with: Humphrey Bogart
  • Favorite watering hole: Kings Hardware, in my neighborhood (Ballard) in Seattle. It’s old school – worn wooden floors, battered booths. I once watched a guy drink five bourbons, for lunch.
  • Preferred hangover helper: Coke, aspirin, sleep, remorse.
  • Hollywood drinking quote: “Don’t drink to get drunk. Drink to enjoy life.” —Jack Kerouac

 

 

Amazonchris2

Chris

  • Favorite classic movie: Casablanca
  • Favorite dead actor or actress that you would like to drink with: Steve McQueen
  • Favorite watering hole: El Quijote, New York. It's next to the Chelsea Hotel.
  • Preferred hangover helper: Bacon, egg, and cheese.
  • Hollywood drinking quote:“I feel sorry for people who don’t drink. When they wake up in the morning, that’s as good as they are going to feel all day.” – Frank Sinatra

 

 

Weekend Reading: The Perfect Seattle Day... Sort of

It feels like fall has finally arrived in the Pacific Northwest. The sun is still hanging on in Seattle, but barely, and it's getting cooler. I have a neighbor who describes the Perfect Seattle Day as "gray sky, gray mountains, gray water." He'll have his wish soon. At least it will be good reading weather.

Here's what we'll be taking a look at over the weekend. Happy Friday!


 

TITLE

Atlantia by Ally Condie

Seira Wilson: A new stand-alone novel from the author of the Matched trilogy—one of my favorites. This one is also a dystopian novel, but one where society is divided into those who live above--on land--and those who live in the submerged city below the sea. And, like the Berlin Wall, whatever side you’re on is it—you can’t leave. Twin teenage sirens, hard choices, and a mysterious death—this is shaping up to be another winner from Ally Condie. (Available October 28th)

Also reading:

 
TITLE

Why We Lost by Daniel P. Bolger

Chris Schluep: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are common topics for fiction and nonfiction these days. Mostly, I've recently been focusing on the fiction titles written about the wars--but General Bolger's honest look at what happened and why comes from a pretty unique point of view. This could be a big book.  (Available November 11th)

Also reading:

 
TITLE

Family Furnishings: Selected Stories, 1995-2014 by Alice Munro

Erin Kodicek: I’m reading Family Furnishings by Alice Munro. Much to many readers’ chagrin, Munro announced that she was putting her pen down for good last year, after just having won the Nobel Prize in Literature. ‘Furnishings’, therefore, is a hand-picked selection of short fiction that she wrote over the past two decades. Reading these stories makes me rue her retirement even more, but it’s also a reminder of why Munroe is so beloved. (Available November 11th)

Also devouring:

 
Nothing Is True and Everything Is Possible

Nothing Is True and Everything Is Possible by Peter Pomerantsev

Jon Foro: When British TV producer Peter Pomeratsev's traveled to Russia, he found a country wild at heart and weird on top--flush with cash, hustlers, and power brokers, but few rules (especially if you have cash). He also found an entertainment industry churning out agitprop and eager for Western tropes to co-opt with a Putin twist. The "surreal" subtitle is apt. (Available November 11th)

Also reading:

 
TITLE

The Final Silence by Stuart Neville

Neal Thompson: I’ve read enough mysteries and thrillers to know this much: when there’s a locked door, there’s usually something bad behind it. That’s what Rea Carlisle quickly discovers when she inherits a house from a strange uncle she barely knew. Turns out he was even stranger than she could’ve imagined. Set in Belfast, Northern Ireland, a city of ghosts and a blood-soaked history, it feels as if menace lurks with each turn of the page in this dark and brooding forthcoming novel from a master of neo-noir. (Available October 28th)

Also reading:

 

National Book Foundation Announces the List of 5 Under 35

FacesEvery year, book lovers look forward to the National Book Foundation's announcement of their "5 under 35"—a list of young, talented authors selected by a committee of former National Book Award nominees. Each member on the committee picks one of the five new authors. Here are this year's picks and the authors who picked them:

  • Panic in a Suitcase by Yelena Akhtiorskaya (Riverhead, July 2014) Selected by Aleksandar Hemon, 2008 National Book Award Finalist for The Lazarus Project
  • Redeployment Phil Klay, (Penguin Press, March 2014) Selected by Andrea Barrett, 1996 National Book Award Winner for Ship Fever and Other Stories
  • Faces in the Crowd by Valeria Luiselli (Coffee House Press, May 2014) Selected by Karen Tei Yamashita, 2010 National Book Award Finalist for I Hotel
  • Night at the Fiestas by Kirstin Valdez Quade (W.W. Norton & Company, March 2015) Selected by Andre Dubus III, 1999 National Book Award Finalist for House of Sand and Fog

The Best Books of September: Part Two

Last week I wrote about the Editors' first five picks in September’s Best Books of the Month and promised to write about the rest of the picks this week. Here they are:

BettyPick #6: If you want to hear straight from the woman who has spent nearly forty years as the legendary personal shopper at Bergdorf Goodman, Betty Halbreich's I'll Drink to That: A Life in Style, with a Twist is the book for you. Amazon's Editorial Director, Sara Nelson, certainly was interested. As she wrote in her review of the book, "I want this woman who practically invented personal shopping 40-plus years ago to come to my house, analyze my closet – and retool my wardrobe, and, thus, my life." But Nelson points out that there's much more to the story. Halbreich had to recover from a tough marriage, a nervous breakdown, and the forces of the times that were opposed to working women—all before she could reinvent herself. In Nelson's words, "let Halbreich take you back to a time when women wore brooches, men donned hats, and everybody had a guiltless cocktail before dinner."

MandelPick #7: What would it be like to lose everything you have and have ever known? Emily St. John Mandel's post-apocalyptic novel Station Eleven asks that question, then it asks another: What would you then try to get back? As Amazon Senior Editor, Neal Thompson, writes, "What’s touching about the world of Station Eleven is its ode to what survived, in particular the music and plays performed for wasteland communities by a roving Shakespeare troupe, the Traveling Symphony, whose members form a wounded family of sorts. The story shifts deftly between the fraught post-apocalyptic world and, twenty years earlier, just before the apocalypse, the death of a famous actor, which has a rippling effect across the decades. It’s heartbreaking to watch the troupe strive for more than mere survival. At once terrible and tender, dark and hopeful, Station Eleven is a tragically beautiful novel that both mourns and mocks the things we cherish."

HobbsPick #8: Jeff Hobbs' nonfiction book The Short and Tragic Life of Robert Peace: A Brilliant Young Man Who Left Newark for the Ivy League doesn't try to hide behind its title. You know from the start how it's going to end. But getting there is where the real story lies. The author, a novelist by trade, was the Yale roommate of Rob Peace, a brilliant kid from Newark who overcame incredible odds to get out of his rough neighborhood and begin to make a life for himself. As you read the book, you grow to love Rob. You will root for him even as you find yourself angry at some of the decisions he makes; and you're there beside Hobbs as he uncovers more and more about his former roommate's life. This is a riveting and heartbreaking read, as Rob Peace seems always to have been on the outside—the resented geek in the hood, and the inner city black man in the Ivy League. For more on how the book about Robert Peace got written, see here.

AtwoodPick #9: She's baaack. Margaret Atwood returns with Stone Mattress: Nine Tales, of which Amazon's Erin Kodicek says, "these tales are fun, which is odd considering the sinister current that runs through many of them." Kodicek points to the stories "Revenant" ("one of three cleverly interconnected tales"), as well as “The Dead Hand Loves You” ("Atwood playfully skewers the horror genre then gleefully indulges in it"), and “Torching the Dusties” ("ominously tongue-in-cheek") as standouts. "Fans of Margaret Atwood will certainly delight in this collection," says Kodicek. "But beware, the Stone Mattress will make groupies of old and new readers alike." 

 

WatersPick #10: Sarah Waters is back, too. the author of Fingersmith and The Little Stranger has written a novel set just after World War I entitled The Paying Guests. The novel settles in with the widowed Mrs. Wray and her 26-year-old daughter, Frances, who pass each day in their home outside London very much like the day before. But Amazon's Kodicek writes, "Take a deep breath as you’re reading, because as soon as you are you lulled into the calm cadence of these lives, the Wray’s tenants—the 'paying guests' they have taken in to help with the bills—turn everything topsy-turvy, and by the novel’s conclusion, you have gone from straight-up period piece, to love story, to edge-of-your-seat crime thriller."

 

PitreDebut Spotlight: Every month, the editors pick a debut writer whose book we loved and who we plan to keep an eye on through the coming years. In September that was Michael Pitre, a marine who served two tours in Iraq and the author of the novel Fives and Twenty-Fives. The title refers to the ground rules a road team follows when bomb searching. As Senior Editor Neal Thompson writes, "When they stop to repair a pothole, they first scan the immediate five meters; a bomb detonated in that circle would obliterate them all. Next they sweep the twenty-five meters in every direction. In putting us right in the heat and the dust, inside the helmets and Kevlar vests that chafe the skin, Michael Pitre shows us that the battlefields of modern warfare are far more complex and bizarre than the American public might imagine." The story is told from three unique perspectives: a platoon leader, his medic, and their American culture-loving Iraqi translator. Thompson writes, "Pitre is a nervy, funny writer, with an ear for dialogue and banter. And he’s not shy about commenting on America’s role in the world, and on the haunted postwar lives of its soldiers." Learn more about Michael Pitre here.

See you again next month. Until then, you can find all of the Amazon Editors' September's Best Books of the Month here.

The Best Books of September: Some Old Friends and Some New Surprises

BoneclocksSeptember’s Best Books of the Month are out, and featured among our Top 10 picks is the #1 book on Amazon right now (the title may be a surprise to some). But first things first:

Spotlight: Our spotlight selection for September is The Bone Clocks by David Mitchell. There’s something different about the publication of this novel—something that wasn’t there when Mitchell ‘s previous works were published. He’s always been beloved by his fans, but it appears that there are more of them now. Watching the reception of The Bone Clocks is watching a cult writer come to the mainstream.

DeadlywanderingPick #2: Matt Richtel’s A Deadly Wandering is one of those books that makes selecting the Best of the Month a special experience. It’s safe to say that the Amazon editors didn’t see this one coming until they read it. This is a book about one of the first deaths on the highway as a result of texting and driving. In the words of Senior Editor Jon Foro, “This might have been boring if anyone but Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Matt Richtel had written it." And indeed A Deadly Wandering never flags. It is partly an examination of how technology affects our lives, partly an exploration of a terrible tragedy, partly a story of redemption; and definitely greater than the sum of its parts.

SecretplacePick #3: Tana French’s last novel Broken Harbor was a Best of the Month selection in 2012, so it’s no surprise to see her here again. Of her latest novel, The Secret Place (Book 5 in the Dublin Murder Squad series), Senior Editor Seira Wilson writes, “As in her previous books, just when you think you’ve solved the mystery another curious twist appears and French keeps you guessing right up until the very end.” French is clearly a writer at the top of her game. That she's managed to extend that game for five novels (her first was the smash hit Into the Woods) is especially remarkable.

CosbyPick #4: Despite his immense fame, there has never been a major biography of Bill Cosby until now—a surprise, given his nearly ten-year dominance on NBC, not to mention his many other contributions (my personal favorites: Fat Albert and "Noah"). Sara Nelson, Editorial Director for Amazon Books and Kindle, writes of the book, "the portrait that emerges here is of a guy who has worked tirelessly and earnestly to change the race conversation in this country, one silly bit at a time." Or, if you're familiar with his Noah bit, cubit by cubit.

WhatifPick #5: And now for a slight surprise... Our #5 pick for the Best Books of September is currently #1 on Amazon.com. That book is What If? Serious Scientific Answers to Absurd Hypothetical Questions by Randall Munroe. So who is this guy and what is What If? Munroe is a former robotics researcher who now runs the blog xkcd full-time. As you might gather, the blog provides serious scientific answers to absurd hypothetical questions, and it's wildly popular. Apparently quitting the 9 to 5 gig is working out for him. Congratulations, Randall Munroe!

Tune in next week for a quick summary of picks 6 through 10 in September's Best Books of the Month.

Karen Russell talks with Bradford Morrow about his new novel "The Forgers"

TheforgersBradford Morrow's The Forgers is a dark literary thriller set inside the world of rare books. The incomparable Karen Russell is a big fan of The Forgers and caught up with Morrow to talk to him about his forthcoming book. 

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KAREN RUSSELL: The Forgers is a totally sui generis existential thriller that introduced me to the world of rare book collecting, a world where I know you have serious street cred. I wonder if you could tell us a little bit about how the idea to write The Forgers came to you?

BRADFORD MORROW: The Forgers opens with a simple, disturbing, and to me compelling sentence, “They never found his hands.” My editor, Otto Penzler, had asked if I would write a story for a series of bibliomysteries he publishes, and once I’d settled on exploring the rarefied, high-stakes world of literary forgeries, I thought to myself, What would a ruthless forger most want to deprive a rival of having? Pens, nibs, inks, antique papers, subterranean connections in the rare book world?  No, his hands, of course. So I began with that single image and all the narrative possibilities and challenges it offered. The rare book community, a collective of brilliant eccentrics among whom murderers don’t generally mingle, is one I have been a part of for my whole adult life—first as a dealer, later as a collector—so most of my research was already done by the time I wrote that sentence and those that came after.   

My experience of writing The Forgers was one of extraordinary, unstoppable momentum—the story very quickly matured into a novella and the novella soon burst into a novel. And while, yes, it is a literary thriller, it is also a heartrending (at least to me) love story—love between two people, as well as a love of antiquarian books that, for some, crosses ethical borders into a place of bibliomania, of psychopathy.

KAREN RUSSELL:  This novel is Morrow magic at its best—I’m thinking of the awake-with-a-flashlight feeling I had reading The Diviner’s Tale, a novel that explores the quest for truth through the character of a female dowser, and the gothic spawn you’ve gathered in your story collection, The Uninnocent, which, like The Forgers, is always honest about the best and worst parts of our natures. But The Forgers also feels like new ground to me. The lyricism of your prose, its humor and its unbelievably beautiful insights into human relationships and human nature, seem to challenge narrow definitions of what a “thriller” can do. I confess that I’m never sure how genre lines get drawn, and your book seems to me like a glorious hybrid creature, a genre pegosaurus, your own Morrow-mutation. Were you consciously setting out to rattle the cage bars of genre?

BRADFORD MORROW:  I love great genre writing, but talking genre can sometimes be a tricky business, in part because certain tropes over literary generations have become codified, and wherever there’s a code, there are some out there who would enforce the code, others who are strict practitioners of the code, and so on. That said, many writers I admire have embraced the worlds of genre, imagining and inventing wonderful books that often push beyond traditional dictates. And readers are a far more resilient, edgy, engaged group of literary explorers than some give them credit for being. I love working with genre, playing with expectations, so long as I can write the narratives I’m driven to write. If anything I do challenges narrow definitions, why then, that must be a good thing, I have to believe.

KAREN RUSSELL:  As far as love stories go, this is a terrifically original one. I was riveted by the tension between the narrator’s private life as a forger and his public one with Meghan, the way his desires seem absolutely incompatible. “Do what you love,” as you tell us, is an adage that can underwrite all kinds of unspeakable activities; and loving someone might require forfeiting a beloved activity that structures one’s identity. How does this narrator’s secret life as a forger impinge on his aboveground relationship?

BRADFORD MORROW:  While our narrator operates in a world deeply cast in shadows and secrets—he only mentions his own name once, and grudgingly in passing at that—his love for Meghan is unquestionable. To my mind, his private identities as a man who loves creating literary forgeries and a man who loves Meghan Diehl, incompatible as they may be, are equally powerful. Though his technique and literary historical knowledge as a forger are so exceptional that on occasion he feels he’s created work that is, to borrow a line from U2, “even better than the real thing,” it is very telling that he never gives Meghan, who runs an East Village used bookshop and loves books too, any forgeries.

KAREN RUSSELL:  As the editor of the in-every-sense-fabulous journal Conjunctions, you’ve helped me and countless authors to firm up the “reality” of their imaginary worlds. From your books, I know you to be an expert deceiver, and one proof of this is that I feel as if your books are a stranger’s memories that I am importing into my own body. When you are working on your own forgeries (stories and novels), how do you vet for yourself when something feels emotionally true, even in a superficially outlandish or wild tale?  And how can it be that we can all sense truth in art, even as it everywhere announces itself as imaginary, false?

BRADFORD MORROW: Truth is a pretty holy tabernacle of a concept, but all art, no matter how original and even unprecedented it is, constitutes a kind of forgery in that “forgery” is tantamount to “making.” One forges ahead. One can just as easily form, shape, produce, forge something that’s a true contribution not just to the arts but the world of wrought iron, for instance. Literary practitioners of the imaginary must create language that provides a gateway to a kind of separate reality, one that is both fictional and authentic at the same time, contradictory as that might seem. I used to worry about writing something emotionally true, but now I focus on language, trusting that the language I craft will articulate an experience of truth that my readers will share. 

KAREN RUSSELL:  How pervasive is forgery in the rare book world, do you think? Do you have a favorite anecdote from your time as a dealer or a collector?

BRADFORD MORROW:  Every reputable rare book dealer who has been in business for any amount of time has encountered forgeries. Because reputation is paramount—these are smart, often scholarly people, some of them living encyclopedias, and proud of their legacies—most booksellers are intensely scrupulous about the manuscript materials and inscribed books they handle. This doesn’t mean that fakes don’t get into commerce. I can’t say I have a favorite anecdote, but earlier this year at a rare book fair in New York, I saw an autographed copy of the first American edition of a Virginia Woolf book in which the signature was wrong, embarrassingly wrong. From an oversized “V” on, the letters were inaccurately formed and far too large, the baseline was weirdly stepped up from her first name to the surname, the ink color was atypical, and so forth. This didn’t stop the seller, who I assume didn’t know better, from asking a very pretty penny for the piece. When I mentioned it to a dealer friend, an expert I trust who was also showing at the fair, he confirmed without having to look at it a second time that it was a forgery, and not a very sophisticated one at that. “Too bad,” we agreed. “It would have been a pretty nice book.” As for my own experiences, back when I was a rare book dealer in my twenties, I went out of my way to stay clear of any autograph material that seemed even slightly off, and as a collector I still do. Did any forgeries slip past me? Impossible to say impossible.

You know, there are forgers from earlier centuries who are actually collected, because they were so sophisticated or brazen or both. Thomas Chatterton and William Ireland come to mind, as does Thomas Wise. Even the infamous in the arcane world of literary forgers have their fanciers, their biographers, their colorful histories. 

KAREN RUSSELL:  The Forgers has epigraphs from Jorge Luis Borges and Arthur Conan Doyle—in terms of assembling a family tree for The Forgers, that sounds spot-on to me. What other influencers might you include, literary or otherwise, if you were tracing this novel’s lineage? Who are some of your favorite liars, er, authors?

BRADFORD MORROW:  Friends who know my great admiration for William Gaddis may see hints of The Recognitions in The Forgers, since the former engages art forgery and the latter literary forgery, but if there was any influence of the one book on the other, it is lost on me, as I never consciously looked to Gaddis for any inspiration for this novel. When traveling in Ireland while writing the book—it was written quickly, by the way, in a matter of months, after some serious time stewing over it—I had a drink with John Banville, and had long been a fan of The Book of Evidence, which I see as a distant cousin to this novel, not plot-wise but tonally somehow. I did go back and reread most all of the Sherlock Holmes adventures as research for some of my forger’s more inventive counterfeits, and have to feel that Doyle’s pacing infected me, quick movements whereas I often love to linger. Nabokov’s short novels I can cite as a direct influence. Orson Welles’ last major film, F for Fake, about the superlative art forger Elmyr de Hory, I watched at least three times. De Hory was in a league of his own—the shamelessness, the sheer genius, the scope of his ambition were altogether galvanizing to me as I plumbed this netherworld. Welles admired him too as a fellow “liar,” a fellow bodhisattva in search of the believable sham. 

As for my favorite writers, they are many and various, and only some of them would cotton to the idea of being called liars or forgers. I’ll let you guess who would and wouldn’t.In no order other than their names come first to mind, I think of Beckett, Cather, Woolf, Angela Carter, Hardy, Nabokov, Gass, Thomas Bernhard. I’m purposely leaving out the living and the Homers, Shakespeares, Donnes, and Swifts. But these are some whose work I go to for solace the same way others go to their Bible or whatever holy book they hold in high esteem.

KAREN RUSSELL:  I love the book, and was struck by your ability to channel some of the deep metaphysical preoccupations from your earlier books into a heart-in-your-throat page turner. How do you see The Forgers as connected to your other work?

BRADFORD MORROW:  That’s an interesting question, a tougher one than it might seem. I can’t truthfully say that I have some overarching philosophical system that informs my novels and stories. That said, certain themes have seemed to crop up in all eight of my books, including The Forgers, and they’re also there in the novel I’m finishing now, The Prague Sonata. Searching for an impossible place to call home in this world is one. The subjective nature of history and malleability of what’s “real” is another. I am fascinated by treacherous people who see themselves as spotless innocents—in other words, the kaleidoscopic range of self-deception available privately to all of us who ever breathed. Those are a few, anyway. I’m sure there are many more abiding preoccupations that thread through my work, but Steven Millhauser recently wrote me that he’s not much of a Steven Millhauser scholar, and I feel much the same way. Others will be able, if they’re of a mind, to identify recurrent themes and ideas. My job is just to make each book as good as I can and hope it connects with sympathetic readers such as yourself.

KAREN RUSSELL:  How does the “act of faith” of book-collecting relates to love, for this narrator?   

BRADFORD MORROW:  That’s easier to unravel over the course of a novel than in a few sentences. Suffice it to say that the greatest book collectors I have known are less interested in rare books as investments, say, than in the preservation of culture. There’s a devotional element and historical imperative behind the impulse to gather, in obsessive depth and with bibliographic erudition, a collection of early arctic exploration, of Vladimir Nabokov, of Italian incunabula, of early comics, of antique cookbooks, you name it. As our narrator’s father, a great and scrupulous book collector himself, tells his young son about the passions behind collecting, “Books make us feel alive, and though we obviously won’t live forever, they make us feel as if we might. These walls of books in this room? They stand between us and the unknown....  We shore them against our ruins and they give us poor mortals comfort and joy like religion does.” Not dissimilarly, love makes us feel alive and, despite our mortality, prompts us tell the people we love, “I will love you forever.” Love is devotional, obsessive, protects us from the harshnesses of the world, affords us comfort and joy, and promises to shore us against our ruins, to paraphrase T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land. So definitely, in the context of this novel, human love and the totality of passion that informs the collector, not to mention the world-class forger, conflict with and yet weave in, around, and through each other.

 

Daniel Levitin on Getting Organized, Choosing Priorities, and the Importance of Daydreaming

LevitanDaniel Levitin's The Organized Mind: Thinking Straight in the Age of Information Overload is a comprehensive look at the evolution of information, the neurobiology behind how we think, and how we can become better organized in a world of distractions. I reached out to Levitin to learn more about his background and some key points to the book.

Read on for an interview with Daniel Levitin.

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Chris Schluep: Tell us a little about your background.

Daniel Levitan: I dropped out of college as a math major and became an entrepreneur. I started working for a small record company, 415 Records. It was a full time job, but as a start-up, we didn’t have much money — we poured it all back into the company. So during those first few years,  I also worked as a data analyst at AT&T and Wells Fargo Bank (my math background came in handy). That led to me being hired as the executive assistant to Ed Littlefield, who at the time was on the boards of Wells Fargo, General Electric, Chrysler, and Del Monte Foods. I learned a lot from Ed about business, critical thinking, and organization—a lot that found its way into this book.

We built up 415 records over a period of eight years and sold it to Sony in 1989. I then started my own production and consulting company, and consulted to every major record label and a number of rock bands.

I went back to college at Stanford in my 30s to study neuroscience — I wanted to know more about the science behind how the mind works. I received my PhD in 1996 at the University of Oregon and then completed post-doctoral training at Stanford Medical School and UC Berkeley. I started teaching and  running a laboratory at McGill University in 2000. Since 2013, in addition to my work at McGill, I'm the Dean of Arts & Humanities at the Minerva Schools at KGI, a new top tier undergraduate program that is part of the Claremont Consortium. This is a very exciting opportunity to put into practice a lot of what neuroscientists have learned about the science of learning.

CS: This is the most complete book about the mind and how to organize it that I’ve ever read. How long have you been working on it?

DL: I've always been fascinated by organizational systems — how record stores arrange their records, how hardware and grocery stores arrange their products, how libraries classify books. So you might say the book has been percolating for many years. The actual writing of the book took four years. Everything I know about the subject is in this book, along with what I've learned along the way about productivity, efficiency, and decision making. Although it may not seem obvious, decision making is related to efficiency: most decision making can be facilitated by more optimally organizing the information at hand.

CS: Why has life become so complex?

DL:  The information explosion is part of it. By some estimates, we humans have generated as much information in the past twenty years as in all of human history before them.

Just one hundred years ago, if you got a PhD in biology, for example, you probably knew as much as anyone in the field knew about it — you were a world class expert. Now, you can get a PhD in biology studying the visual system of the squid and still not know everything that is known about that.

Also, we're being asked to do more. Because of the rise of shadow work — part of a shadow economy of labor that isn't reckoned in the GNP — all of us are doing things that used to be done for us by others: we pump our own gas, make our own airline reservations, bag our own groceries. Think about something as simple as trying to get to the right person in customer service or tech support. It used to be that switchboard operators would route us to the person we needed to speak to. Now we have to navigate ever more complex voice menus.The computer age was supposed to bring us more leisure time. Instead, it allowed companies to offload a lot of the work they used to do in the name of customer service onto customers.

CS: What’s the chief difference between Highly Successful People (HSP) and the rest of us?

DL: The ones I've met don't have different brain structures, as far as I can tell — it's not like they have some module the rest of us lack. It's just that they have a little bit more of some qualities all of us already possess: they're a little bit more focused, a little less distractable, a little more driven. But the chief difference is that they've adopted systems to help them be more efficient, and they guard their time jealously — among other things, they don't spend more time on a project or decision than it is worth. (And by worth, I don't just mean financial worth, but the emotional and physical costs of following certain paths.)

Also, they ask the right questions, which is an underappreciated skill. It's what great leaders do. Why? Because not all questions are equally vital.  Successful people in any domain are able to identify the questions that can push understanding forward.

CS: How can we be more like HSPs?

DL: We can adopt some of the systems that they've devised. They make lists, prioritize tasks throughout the day, practice "productivity hours" where there are no interruptions from phones or email, and they ask the right questions when confronted with new information. There's a lot about asking the right questions in Chapters 6 and 7.

CS: You decry multitasking. How would you convince the many fans of multitasking that they’re using the wrong approach?

DL: As a neuroscientist, I know that we humans are very good at self-delusion. It's always helpful when there are studies that can help separate our intuitions from reality. And the reality is, based on dozens of carefully conducted experiments, we don't actually do several things at once. Instead, we shuffle rapidly among them, one after the other.

Multi-tasking is not always problematic, and sometimes it's necessary. But if you have a serious task to do, you have to hunker down and do it and not a dozen other things.

Part of the illusion is tied into how the brain's reward system works. Everytime we accomplish some task, no matter how small, and every time we learn some new piece of information such as from a social networking newsfeed, our brain doles out a little hit of dopamine, the feel-good chemical. Doing all these little tasks in rapid succession make us feel good. But it's short lived, like a sugar high. And in fact, sugar is part of the story. The brain needs glucose to function — that's the fuel that keeps brain cells firing. Every decision, every small task, every new piece of information, burns precious glucose. After a couple of hours of multi-tasking we feel tired and depleted because we've literally depleted the store of energy in our brains. And we have far less to show for that two hours than we would if we had been uni-tasking.

CS: Procrastination: does everyone do it, and how can we avoid this habit?

DL: Procrastination is a very human tendency. I think we all proscrastinate to some extent. The trick is not to prcorastinate the important tihngs like your annual physical or a diabetes test. But if it's time to replace the furnace filters in your house, and you procrastinate for a week or two, that's really not a big deal.

There are lots of tricks for avoiding procrastination. Perhaps the best is to arrange the external  environment so that temptations reduced. I wrote a lot of this book in public and university libraries and I mindfully did not sign into their wireless system. Having the internet unavailable is a great boon to work. Now of course we need the internet for research and for information. In my case, I simply made a list of things I needed to look up on the internet and looked them up later.

Another trick is to carefully prioritize your To Do list, and identify when your most productive time is. My most productive time used to be after dinner, and I'd stay up until 2 or 3 working intently. For the last ten years it's shifted to early mornings and I get up at 5:30 and go right to my desk and write. The trick is then this: Whatever is most important, make sure that you carefully carve out time to do it during your most productive hours and don't let anything else interfere with those sacred hours.

One thing that we all do is that we imagine what will be the perfect environment or set of circumstances that will allow our creativity to flow and our productive selves to emerge unbridled. Of course this is true to an extent. If you're a painter, you need paint and brushes. If you're a scientist, you need a laboratory. But you can't you let your search for the perfect environment prevent you from actually getting started. You'd be surprised what people get done in less than ideal environments. Just look at the cave paintings of Alta Mira or the great art that came out of concentration camps in World War II. Or of course Tolstoy writing his novels after a grueling day as an office clerk.

My favorite story about this is John Fogerty. He wrote all these great songs about nature — Up Around The Bend, Green River, Born on the Bayou — and he wrote them all from a one bedroom apartment in El Cerrito and Oakland. His imagination was his environment, not the urban landscape.

Another related idea is what my friend Jake Eberts (producer of Gandhi, Dancing With Wolves, and Driving Miss Daisy) used to call "eating the frog": find the most unpleasant task you have to do and do it first thing in the morning. If you hate exercise, do it first when  your gumption is highest and you can get it over with.

CS:   Talk about a little about the importance of day dreaming.

DL: Daydreaming is when our thoughts meander from one to another. It tends not to be linear, and it allows us to forge new connections between concepts and ideas that we didn't know were connected. It turns out that daydreaming is the default state of the human brain, and the time when we are apt to be most creative. We've all experienced this. There's a problem we can't solve, we keep coming at it from different angles and finally give up. Then, suddenly, while we're doing something else — usually something relaxing and daydreamy — the solution comes to us. And it's usually a solution that we wouldn't have seen before, one that required connecting things that weren't otherwise connected. That's the daydreaming mode, what neuroscientists call the default mode or the task negative mode of attention (because you're not actively engaged in a task). The first part of The Organized Mind is devoted to sharing what we now know about the brain's attentional system and memory — why we remember some things and not others — and how all of us can use that information to improve our daily lives.

"In the Kingdom of Ice" - An Interview with Author Hampton Sides

IceAuthor Hampton Sides' latest book In the Kingdom of Ice is our spotlight pick for the Best Books of August. Set against the Gilded Age, and following a crew bound for parts unknown, this is a nonfiction account that captures a time and place like few books in recent memory. We caught up with Sides to talk to him about his book... and he shared with us some research materials as well.

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Chris Schluep: When did you first learn about the story of the USS Jeannette?

Hampton Sides: It was in Oslo, Norway, while I was on an assignment for National Geographic about the polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen, who had been engrossed by an earlier U.S. expedition from the 1880s—the Arctic voyage of the USS Jeannette. Even though the Jeannette was a thoroughly American saga, I had never heard of the expedition before. When I dug into the primary literature, I found it to be one of the grittiest, most harrowing stories of adventure and discovery that I’d ever encountered, chock-full of amazing characters. The Jeannette saga was extremely important and universally well-known in its day, but no one I knew had ever heard of it. That’s when I knew there was a book here.

The-Jeannette's-abandonment-depicted-by-maritime-painter-James-Gale-Tyler__Courtesy-of-Vallejo-Maritime-Gallery-of-Newport-Beach-California
The Jeannette's abandonment, depicted by maritime painter James Gale Tyler, courtesy of Vallejo Maritime Gallery of Newport Beach, California

CS: Describe your research. Was there a key piece that made you think "now I know how to frame this book"?

HS: In the early going of my research, I lucked into one of those priceless situations that I think all of us historians dream about: An invitation from a little old lady to come sift through a trunk full of yellowed letters that she had literally rescued from her attic. In this case, the trunk contained the personal papers of Emma De Long, the wife of the Jeannette expedition’s captain, George De Long. Once I read the stuff, I knew that I’d found a powerful new way to frame the book: It was not just an adventure tale, but a love story as well. Emma De Long’s letters to her husband, and his letters to her, are elegant, eloquent, and moving, and as the drama unfolds, they become truly heart-wrenching. Really, that trunk full of papers formed the emotional spine of the book.

CS: How long did it take to complete the book? What were the challenges?

HS: I spent three years on this story. For me, the biggest and most rewarding challenge was physically retracing parts of the voyage. I wanted to follow in the path of the Jeannette—to experience something of what that epic journey was like—so I went to Russian High Arctic and the central coast of Siberia where the men of the Jeannette made landfall. This is some of the most severe and inaccessible terrain on earth, but also hauntingly beautiful. The end of the Cold War and the thinning of the ice brought about by climate change had made it possible to reach many of the places the Jeannette had voyaged, places that had effectively been off-limits for more than a century. My real goal was to find the mountain deep in Siberia’s Lena Delta where the Jeannette survivors buried their comrades. It took me forever, but I finally found the site: Even to this day, it’s called American Mountain.

Lost-in-the-Ice-headline-from-The-New-York-Herald__public-domain
"Lost in the Ice" headline from The New York Herald

CS: An unusual combination of public and private resources went into driving this expedition. Can you talk a little about the conditions that led to the voyage?

HS: The Jeannette was a U.S. navy ship, sailing under naval rules and commanded by naval officers, but the expedition was underwritten by James Gordon Bennett, Jr., the millionaire playboy publisher of the New York Herald. Such a relationship would never happen today, but back then the still-nascent U.S. Navy was anemic and cash-starved. Bennett, who had sent Stanley to find Livingstone in Africa, was looking for another sensational story for his newspaper, so he bankrolled this expedition to reach the North Pole. This hybrid arrangement says a lot about the Gilded Age—about the power of the press in that era, and the stupendous amount of money and influence that could be wielded by a single man. Bennett—a duelist, a sports enthusiast, a womanizer and a famously reckless yachtsman—was an outlandish human being with an iron will, and he had a wallet fat enough to make this all happen.

CS: Do you have a favorite character in the book?

HS: This is mainly the story of 33 explorers living under duress on the ice—and I grew fond of nearly every one of these men, especially the commander, George De Long. But I’m really taken, too, with some of the background characters we meet off the ice. My favorite is Dr. August Petermann, a German eminence who was the world’s preeminent cartographer at the time of the Jeannette voyage. Petermann believed that a warm water basin covered the dome of the planet. He said that all the Jeannette had to do was bust through the ring of Arctic ice and enjoy smooth sailing to the north pole. There wasn’t a shred of evidence for his theory, but no matter: Petermann was eloquent and forceful, and his beautiful maps showed an “Open Polar Sea” that was impossible to dislodge from the public imagination. I went to Petermann’s hometown of Gotha, Germany, and found him to be a fascinatingly gothic character—romantic, eccentric, grandiose, deeply flawed, and ultimately tragic.

CS: Did your work on the book lead you to draw any conclusions about climate change?

HS: Yes. One of the big problems that climate change researchers have grappled with is finding a way to know what the polar ice cap truly looked like a century ago in order to compare it with today's Arctic ice conditions. To understand that, you'd have to go back in history, build a research station, and dangerously trap it in the drifting icepack for years. 

As it happens, the Jeannette kept meticulous records of the ice as it drifted two years, and a thousand miles, across the frozen sea. After the ship sank, De Long's men lugged dozens of heavy meteorological logbooks containing troves of information about the icecap and Arctic weather—the hard-won product of their daily labors for two years. When they reached Siberia's shores four months later, De Long buried those logbooks in the sand, and miraculously, they were later found by Navy rescuers, eventually ending up in the National Archives in Washington, where they've gathered dust for 135 years. Over the past year, however, NOAA scientists have digitized those logbooks, and have been analyzing De Long's data. The story they tell is a sobering one: The polar ice cap, at least in that 1,000-mile swath of the High Arctic, has shrunk, weakened, and thinned far more dramatically than anyone realized.

The-thermometric-gateways-to-the-pole-as-envisioned-by-Silas-Bent__Courtesy-of-NOAA
The thermometric gateways to the pole as envisioned by Silas Bent, Courtesy of NOAA

CS: There’s no question that these men endured extreme tests of survival. In your opinion, does this sort of heroism exist today?

HS: Of course we see amazing examples of heroism all the time. The difference, I think, is that people today—Americans especially—are less willing to put themselves in situations that are virtually guaranteed to produce extreme hardship and death. What floors me is that thousands of people applied to be on the Jeannette, even though everyone knew the ship would become locked in ice and that destruction would probably ensue. Arctic exploration, up until that point, had been one long tale of nearly limitless suffering, yet Americans signed up in droves. It says a lot about how tough and stoic—and yes, heroic— people were in that era. It also says something about the powerful allure of the High North and the essential riddle of the pole. It was a nagging, gnawing obsession: People had to know what was up there.

Siberia's-Lena-River-Delta-with-ice-barrier__Courtesy-of-European-Space-Agency
Siberia's Lena River Delta with ice barrier, Courtesy of European Space Agency

"The Alliance" - Rethinking Employment in a "Free Agent Nation"

TheallianceBusiness is changing. As authors Reid Hoffman, Ben Casnocha, and Chris Yeh have noted (and as they note in this interview), we are moving away from business embracing employees as a longterm "family" and entering the realm of "Free Agent Nation." The Alliance is their answer to this change. I found the book to be a fascinating read, and I was happy to be able to ask them some questions about The Alliance.

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1. How has the employer-employee relationship changed over time, and why do you consider it to be broken now?

Over the past few decades, we’ve seen a steady shift away from thinking of companies as families and towards what Dan Pink prophetically dubbed “Free Agent Nation.” The metaphor of company-as-family worked as long as companies offered lifetime employment.  Once technological change and globalization made this kind of inflexible arrangement untenable, trying to pretend that companies which treated employees like free agents were still like family forced both managers and employees into being dishonest with each other.

The result of free agency and the lack of honest conversations has been an erosion of trust.  And without trust, neither employer or employee will be willing to make the kind of mutual investment that drives breakthrough results.

2. What can Silicon Valley teach us about the new world of business?

Intentionally or not, Silicon Valley has pioneered a new way for companies and employees to work together.  Rather than making false commitments to lifelong employment, employers and employees come together to form a mutually beneficial alliance between self-interested parties.  Silicon Valley’s famous stock options reflect this approach; the typical vesting schedule of an option grant is four years—long enough to work together to build something of value, short enough to reflect an honest and mutual understanding.

3. Describe the basic idea behind the Alliance?

The alliance is a two-way relationship between independent players that lets company and employee work together toward common goals, even when some of their interests differ.  Manager and employee work together to define a “tour of duty” whose mission, when accomplished, helps transform the employee’s career and the company’s business. The paradox is that recognizing an employee’s independence is what allows the manager to have the honest conversations necessary to rebuild the loyalty and trust that’s been missing from today’s employment relationship.

4. What is the ultimate goal of the Alliance?

The ultimate goal of the alliance is to help company and employee build a deep, mutually beneficial, and lifelong relationship.  When both parties feel comfortable enough to invest and reinvest in each other, they can achieve breakthrough business results.  And even if radical changes in the business environment lead company and employee to end the employment relationship, they can continue to help each other via a corporate alumni network. 

5. You make a point of encouraging networking to solve problems, not just inside the company but out. Aren't there inherent risks in this strategy (like revelation of sensitive information to external parties, or employees being lured away by outside contacts)?

There is always the risk that an employee might reveal sensitive information or be lured away, but this risk is overblown, and pales in comparison to the potential benefits.  Most employees know what information needs to remain secret, and if they don’t, a manager can always specify what can and cannot be shared.  Similarly, most employees are quite aware of their market value.  Here in Silicon Valley, a good software developer might receive dozens of job offers every year.

Meanwhile, the benefits of tapping the collective network intelligence of the company are enormous.  This network intelligence can provide useful information on everything from the competitive landscape to key industry trends—before they hit the trade press.

6. Do you consider the book to be aimed at managers, employees, or both?

Our primary focus is on helping managers find a better way to work with their people.  That’s why we’ve included specific and detailed tips on how to have these honest conversations about values, career goals, and explicit tours of duty.  But we also think the book will be helpful to employees who want to explore a different way of working with their boss.

7. What are some companies that already practice the tenets of the Alliance?

A large number of the principles outlined in The Alliance come from Reid’s own experiences at LinkedIn, many of which we describe in the book.  We also tried to incorporate lessons from other CEOs like John Donahoe at eBay, Brad Smith at Intuit, and Linda Rottenberg at Endeavor.

"Is It Like You Thought It Would Be?" by Diana Gabaldon

OutlanderThe long-awaited adaptation of Diana Gabaldon's beloved Outlander series kicks off August 9th at 9pm ET/PT on Starz. The author shared with us her thoughts on seeing her books come to life...

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Ever since clips and trailers and stills of the new STARZ “Outlander” TV show have been released, people have been eagerly asking me, “So—is it just like you imagined?” “What’s it like to see these people who’ve lived in your head for so long come to life?” “Did you ever imagine it would be like this?”

Frankly, it’s a bit like the scene in Outlander where Claire asks Jamie—immediately after they’ve made love together for the first time (and his first time ever)—“So was it like you thought it would be?” And—after making her promise not to laugh at him, he confesses, “Almost. I didna realize ye did it face to face. I thought ye must do it the back way—like horses, ye ken?”

As in, yes, it’s a lot like I imagined it (“it” being the show itself), and at the same time, quite different. How so?

1. I have friends who are screenwriters, friends who have worked in the film world, and friends who have had films made of their work. Based on everything I’d heard and read, I was expecting to have nothing whatever to do with the production myself. I was familiar with Ron D. Moore’s work, so had high hopes that it would be good, but figured all I could do was cross my fingers.

Instead, I was startled—though very gratified—at the degree of involvement offered me. Ron and his production partner, Maril Davis, came to my house and spent two days with me, talking through ideas, characters, storylines, etc. We were much on the same wavelength, and as the production got underway, they were more than courteous about including me, asking my opinion on things (though they are, of course, under no legal compulsion to take account of it), showing me scripts and footage, inviting me to the set in Scotland and generally making me feel welcome.

MyOwnHeartsBlood2. I always want to roll my eyes when people say, “Isn’t it exciting seeing your characters come to life?”—because as far as I’m concerned, they’ve always been alive. Still, I know what these people mean, and yeah—it is exciting. Is it like I expected?  No, it’s much better…

Everyone has a mental image of what Jamie Fraser and Claire Beauchamp Randall look like. I actually know what they look like. Now, plainly, no actor alive will look exactly like anyone’s mental image of a character, and I certainly didn’t expect the actors chosen for these parts to look “like” my knowledge of Jamie and Claire. And they don’t.

But. Ron and Maril sent me Sam Heughan’s audition tapes, when they cast him as Jamie. Frankly, I had doubts, having seen some IMDB photos of the man…but five seconds in, and it wasn’t Sam, it was Jamie, right there. Amazing!

See, actors do magic, no less than writers do. And beyond certain minimal physical requirements, it doesn’t really matter what they look like—only that they can be the character they play. And every single actor in this show can do that.

3. Now, I do understand what “adaptation” means, and a bit about how one translates text to a visual medium (I used to write comic book scripts for Walt Disney, and have in fact done a graphic novel (The Exile) version of Outlander). But what I didn’t realize was just how engaging a good adaptation could be.

Ron’s adaptation is very faithful to the original story; anyone who’s read Outlander will recognize it instantly. But there are the small changes, the insertions, the moving of scenes for dramatic cohesion—and all together, these “different” touches give the show a constant sense of novelty and discovery. I watch footage, knowing what’s going on—but wanting to know what happens next.

And you can’t ask more of a good story than that.

Bill Gates Sells a Business Book

BusinessadventureWhat's the best business book Bill Gates has read? In a recent article, he named Business Adventures by John Brooks, sending it to the top of the Amazon Best Sellers list. (It currently sits at #4.)

The billionaire/philanthropist heard about it from another great reader. "Not long after I first met Warren Buffett back in 1991, I asked him to recommend his favorite book about business. He didn’t miss a beat: 'It’s Business Adventures, by John Brooks,' he said. 'I’ll send you my copy.' I was intrigued: I had never heard of Business Adventures or John Brooks."

If you're interested in a 1960s collection of New Yorker articles, one that's beloved by two of the richest men in America, you should check it out. I know I'm going to. The only problem is you'll have to wait until September 9th to get the paperback edition--because it was out of print until Gates gave it his Seal of Approval.

 

The Mockingbird Next Door: Life with Harper Lee

MockingbirdFor fifty years, journalists have trekked to Monroeville, Alabama in search of Harper Lee. Normally, they leave town without even setting eyes on the famous but reclusive author. But in 2001, Chicago Tribune journalist Marja Mills wrote to Harper Lee's older sister, Alice, whom she eventually met. It was the beginning of a long conversation—which Ms. Mills recounts here in this exclusive essay:

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When the Chicago Tribune sent me south on an assignment in 2001 to write about Harper Lee’s hometown, I never imagined the adventure that awaited me. I certainly never imagined that I would meet the author herself. Lee had remained famously, ferociously, private since a few years after her first and only novel To Kill a Mockingbird was published in 1960.

We like to think we know which questions have the power to change our lives. What do you want to be when you grow up? Will you marry? Stay in your hometown? You can weigh those decisions, give them the thought they are due. Then everyday questions come along, and they turn out to carry that power, too. That’s the suspense of life, the serendipity. On that August day, my quick answer to my editor’s simple question, “Want to take a trip?” changed the course of my life and work for more than a decade.

After a nearly a week of talking to people around Monroeville, I knocked on the door of the house where the Lee sisters, Alice and Nelle Harper, lived, never expecting it to open. I had written Alice Lee, the then-89-year-old attorney who served as gatekeeper to her sister, known locally as Nelle, to tell her I would be in town and why.  

Alice opened not only the front door but the door to their lives as well. Soon, to my even greater surprise, I met Nelle. She arranged to come for a conversation at the Best Western where I was staying. From that meeting, a friendship with both sisters began, as did a years-long conversation about their lives and work.

At first slowly, then with increased gusto, Nelle shaped my own work, and how I viewed their town and the South. To the sisters, it was critical that I first understand their region, that I see them in context. Early on Nelle told me “To understand Southerners, you need to understand their ties to their church and their property.” And so I was off on a different kind of assignment, the Lee sisters’ guide to the South. I attended churches of all kinds in their corner of the Bible Belt, interviewed their friends and family, and took long drives with them through the small towns and rural areas they knew growing up. 

Marja-Mills-Chris-Popio-(2)My newspaper story ran in 2002 and I was on to other topics, while staying in touch with the sisters. My struggles with lupus made daily reporting increasingly difficult, however, and eventually it became clear I would have to find another way to work. In the fall of 2004, with the sisters’ blessing, I began renting the house next door to theirs to work on what became my memoir, The Mockingbird Next Door: Life with Harper Lee.

The Lees were ready to share more of their stories. Share them they did, on long country drives, on leisurely afternoons at their home and, with Nelle, often over afternoon coffee at McDonald’s or Burger King. “I know what you can call your book,” Nelle told me over one such coffee at Burger King. She leaned in and stabbed her finger in the air. “’Having Their Say.’ I know they used it with the Delaney Sisters but titles aren’t copyrightable.’” Having Our Say: The Delaney Sisters’ First 100 Years was a bestselling book about two African American sisters reflecting on their lives.

The Lees fascinated me as sisters. Alice was the oldest of four siblings. Nelle was the youngest. Alice was 15 years older than Nelle, as much mother to her as sister.  Neither married or had children but in other ways they took very different paths.  Alice lived most of her life in their small hometown.  Nelle moved to New York as a young woman and stayed, eventually dividing her time between Manhattan and Monroeville. Alice was petite. Nelle wasn't. Alice wore only skirts, even on the week-ends. (Nelle referred to her as “Atticus in a Skirt.”) Nelle made casual pants and shirts her daily uniform. Alice worked at her law office until she was 100 years old. After the success of her novel, Nelle never held a traditional job. The never-ending press of interest in Nelle and the novel, however, was work in itself.  

The Lees didn't make big concessions to modern technology and conveniences, either. If a routine worked, they stuck with it. Nelle and I did laundry together at a Laundromat the next town over. The sisters faxed because Alice's hearing made using the phone impossible. But computers were not in the picture. Nelle used a manual typewriter to answer some of the correspondence that still poured into their post office box.

For all the sisters told me about their lives, I learned as much simply from seeing how they lived them: with a passion for books and history, church and community, friendship and family, and very little interest in material things. Television they had little time for, except when it came to football and golf. Their modest red brick house in Monroeville overflowed with books, but when it came to things such as wardrobes and furniture, they found simple things that worked for them and stuck with the same for decades.   

How we spend our days is how we spend our lives, as the saying goes, and it was illuminating to see how they went about their day to day life in Monroeville. Both Nelle and Alice spent their time on books and friends, and, when it came to money, you would never know Nelle’s novel had brought her wealth. They did donate, quietly and generously, to church and education funds and various charities.

I am so much richer for my time with them. Spending time with these fascinating, intelligent, witty women was a lesson in living life on your own terms. They valued words far more than wealth--and their daily lives reflected that.

I’m reminded of a story Alice told me. When Nelle was studying in England in the 1940s, one of the Oxford boys she knew was going to London because he had a letter of introduction to a member of Parliament. “Something had happened that his girl couldn’t go,” Alice said, “and he asked Nelle Harper if she’d like to go. And she went. I think maybe they bicycled all the way in but, you know, it’s not far. And they were having tea on the terrace and this man who was hosting them excused himself from the table for a short time and returned with somebody.” Alice paused and looked at me with the relish of a cook about to serve a delicious dish. “And that somebody was Winston Churchill.” She continued, “Nelle Harper was so shocked and so overcome she couldn’t remember what she said. . . . Nelle Harper’s letter back home [to us] said, ‘Today I met history. I met history itself.’  

When I think of my time with the Lees in Monroeville, I feel the same way.

-- Marja Mills, author of The Mockingbird Next Door: Life with Harper Lee

(Photo credit: Chris Popio)

A Debut to Remember: Celeste Ng's "Everything I Never Told You"

CelesteNgOne of my favorite books of the year is Everything I Never Told You by Celeste Ng. I wasn't sure what to expect when I started reading it, but I'd heard good things about the novel, and it quickly drew me in. In the end, I tore right through it. As I say in this interview, there isn't a false note in the book.

I only hope that my praise for Celeste Ng's debut doesn't raise the bar so high that it can't meet readers' expectations.

Here's my interview with Celeste Ng:

 

A Conversation with James Browning, Author of "The Fracking King"

James Browning's The Fracking King is an engaging story about a high school junior named Winston Crwth. "Win," as he's called, is at Pennsylvania's Hale Academy (his third school in as many years), and he's there on a "Dark Scholarship" (paid for by the fracking concern, Dark Oil & Gas). He's also a big Scrabble fan.

Browning populates his novel with quirky, memorable characters, and he does a fine job of combining Scrabble, boarding school, and fracking to create a story that's both entertaining and provocative. The Amazon Editors liked it so much, we picked it as a July Best Book of the Month

FrackingKingI had the pleasure of talking to author James Browning, who aside from being an author, is a spokesman and chief strategist for Common Cause, a government watchdog group:

Chris Schluep: First of all, are you a scrabble fanatic?

James Browning: Scrabble was the only game at which I could beat my step-father, a man who believed that children should be “seen and not heard.” I also played constantly with my mother, and my brother and I played about 300 games one summer when we were supposed to be painting our father’s house in Palo Alto, California.

CS: Can you tell me where the idea for the novel came from?

JB: The novel was mainly inspired by a meeting I had in Harrisburg in 2008, with a legislative aide who looked like Bartleby the Scrivener. He warned me not to use the “c-word” in Harrisburg—by which he meant “corruption”—which was a pretty amazing thing to say because the whole point of my job with Common Cause was fighting government corruption.

This meeting and the feeling I got while working in the state capitol—that I was stuck in some lost novel by George Orwell—gave me a real sense of urgency and feeling of responsibility as I began to look at the issue of fracking in Pennsylvania. Winston Crwth’s own journey to boarding school and then to Harrisburg is also the story of the power of a single word, “fracking,” in the hands of the right person. 

CS:  How long did it take you to write the book?

JB:About two years, but I’ve been writing fiction and hoping to publish a novel for a long time. I wrote a different Scrabble novel back in 1998 when I was in the Writing Seminars at Johns Hopkins—a story of Scrabble and doomed love.

CS: Why did you choose to set it in a boarding school?

JB: Boarding school is the thing that woke me up politically—as much because I believed in non sibi, “not for self,” the motto of Phillips Academy Andover, but also because of a lingering sense of shame that I did nothing when several of the not-rich kids in my dorm were expelled for breaking school rules for the second or third time, when the rich kids seemed to get four, five, or more chances.

CS: Are you afraid that it will be seen as "just a Fracking novel"? Because it isn't.

JB: The Fracking King can be read as a fracking novel, or a Scrabble novel, or a novel about a kid trying to survive high school. Or as I told my oldest son, a budding icthyologist, the book is like a cuttlefish, which can change colors to look like sand, a rock, a snake.

CS: What's next for you?

JB: I’m writing a novel about reading for the blind, a sort of older sibling to The Fracking King.

I used to work as the night manager at a studio that recorded textbooks for blind and dyslexic students and it was my job to catch any mistakes before these tapes were sent to the master library. The readers were wonderful, very dedicated, and would describe things like the “honeycomb” shape of certain molecules in a way that a blind person could imagine running their hands along the inside of the molecule.

Many years later, I’m still remembering mistakes that got by me, that got by all of us, and which were then copied and sent to who knows how many listeners. The new novel imagines what would happen if some of those mistakes were sent into the world and accepted as reality—and how you would try to fix them.

 

Omnivoracious™ Contributors

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